Garachico (Spanish Garachico.) - Is a city located in the north of Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain), at a distance of 60 km from Tenerife's capital Santa Cruz on the road TF42. From the airport to the south of Garachico, the distance is about 67 km, and from the north - 50 km. The city is located below the 500 meter high cliffs. Garachico - this is one of the most pristine places on the human hand Tenerife, getting here, you feel a sharp contrast with the popular resorts of Tenerife, Garachico atmosphere more reminiscent of Spain. The city itself is low, and the mixture was renovated and in need of remodeling, and includes several large houses the yard style has many hidden shops that seem privat houses until they open their doors and displaying their goods, a lot of family restaurants, hidden in the back streets. Most of the streets are crooked and narrow, with cars parked on one side.Where the lava meets the ocean and foam, formed a kind of natural pools El Kaleton (ElCaleton), equipped for bathing. In 2008 it completed the construction of the municipal swimming pool, located near the mountain formations. Every winter descend on Garachico Atlantic storms. Giant waves - a spectacular sight, especially when the wave rolled back, exposing the huge rocky cliffs. In Garachico, there is an interesting monument to the emigrant - a bronze man with a suitcase and a through-hole instead of a heart, which says that his heart he leaves here in Tenerife and behind it stretches a string of luggage, Canary Islands - Island immigrants.
Coat of Garachico was modified several times. In the edition of 1987, it appeared the Gold Medal of Fine Arts, handed the city by Juan Carlos - Spanish monarch. The billboard has photos: Watchtower (symbolizes the fort of San Miguel), a volcanic eruption in 1706, the rock Roque de Garachico, a port anchor symbol, pine cones and sea shells.
The city was founded in the XVI century Genoese merchants Garachico. At one time, it was the most important port on the island, in 1646 the city collapsed and a landslide killed a hundred people, creating numerous destruction and disgrace. But he was only a precursor to the grand finale. Sixty years later, until the eruption of the volcano Treveho (Trevejo) in 1706 year on May 5 did not put an end to its prosperity, before, of Garachico was an important port of export Malmsey wine and other local products. Today, on the site of a small and permanently sleepy town Garachico (Garachico) in the north of Tenerife is difficult to imagine the main sea gates of the island. But once in his port did not have time to load ships with sugar and local wine and colonial goods unloaded. Residents Garachico considered the richest in Tenerife, built good houses and nothing does not deny. Nevertheless, a few week's eruption of lava poured into the old Gulf and effectively destroyed the city's existence. At dawn on the Garachico was the hang out of the river of molten lava. Lava flowed slowly, so the citizens had to scatter in all directions (no people have been killed). But the once prosperous city were only memories, and a few miraculously survived building.Lava buried entire neighborhoods and most of the harbor, and only a handful of houses with the castle of San Miguel (Castillo de San Miguel), defended the bay, escaped destruction. After the eruption of the merchants as a port began to use the nearby harbor of Puerto de la Cruz and Garachico, is gradually recovering directly on hardened lava, limited role of supernumerary fishing village. History Garachico quite instructive. The new city quickly rebuilt on the site of the old. He stands on the pillow lava. Several gentleman who owned the lands around Garachico, sincerely hoped that the city quickly come to his senses and gains from trade will not be affected. But fate decreed otherwise - the city never recovered from the shock and turned into a provincial town of the Spanish province with several surviving historical monuments: castles, abbeys, churches and narrow streets. The coastline around Garachico is a volcanic ruins, there are few beaches. But in this there is a certain charm. They, as well as the natural pools in the lava with ocean water, arranged in the 60s enterprising Englishman in Garachico attract not only foreign, but also of the Spaniards from the mainland.
First, the Spanish authorities forcibly drove people here from the mainland, and then forced to go kanartsev colonize America, at the end of the last century kanartsy left voluntarily, in search of a better life.Attractions One of the few surviving buildings after the eruption - the construction of the black lava of San Miguel fortress (1575), who was standing next to the former port and protects the harbor. Now the fortress is a small museum. Another building worthy of attention - the Church of St. Anne, named after the wife of the founder of the city -. Anne de Vergara. Its facade, dating back to the sixteenth century, miraculously survived during the eruption. The restored interior contains a Baroque font and a crucifix attributed to Martin de Anduyyaru. Other remnants of the former glory of the city include the Palacio de los Condes le Homer (Palace Homer graphs) in the Plaza de la Libertad and several former monasteries, including Santo Domingo (XVII century.), Which is now the Museum of Modern Art, and San Francisco Nuestra Señora de los Angeles. Part of this monastery of the XVIII century is reserved for a modest museum of the Casa de la Cultura. Also in the Plaza de la Libertad monument to Simon Bolivar, the Liberator of South America. In 1980, the King of Spain awarded Garachico (Garachico) Gold Medal of Arts for the care for the environment and for the protection of cultural property.