Few people know that the last years of his life the famous Norwegian explorer, adventurer and just a good man Thor Heyerdahl spent in Tenerife.
It all started with a letter, which the scientist had received from the sender a complete stranger. The letter was attached a newspaper clipping with a photo of some of stepped buildings, and the author claimed that they were built only as aliens.
– I would just laughed and threw the letter, if not the pictures, – said Heyerdahl later. – It was clear that the pyramids were built inhabitants of this planet, and they are very interested in me. At the first opportunity I went to Tenerife.
Caused such great interest among Heyerdahl buildings in the town Güímar in the east of the island of its inhabitants did not seem quite mysterious, and they’re just over the centuries did not pay any attention to them. According to local luminaries of science it was the mountain stones which piled the first Spanish colonists, clearing the field for sowing.
So when Heyerdahl tried to connect colleagues from the Metropolitan University, they only smiled in response:
primitive Guanche – the inhabitants of Tenerife is still in the pre-Hispanic era – nothing significant could not build. At the archeologists and parted.
But astronomers have come and very quickly found that the “mountain stone” oriented to the sun and are tied to the winter and summer solstice. It already had an argument.
The form of construction in Güímar very much reminiscent of stepped pyramids of Peru and Mexico, Mesopotamia iconic tower and bulk of the tomb on the Italian islands. Throughout his life, Heyerdahl wanted to prove that long before Columbus between America and the Mediterranean cultural relations existed, and ancient primitive seafarers on ships made of reeds and papyrus crossed the Atlantic Ocean.
The fastest route between the two parts of the world passes through the Canary Islands. So that the pyramids in Güímar could well be the result of the impact that had on Aboriginal travelers from the shores of the Old World, who used to Tenerife as a transit point.
Or themselves Guanches were the descendants of those intrepid sailors who settled on the islands and degraded in isolation from the outside world?
To Heyerdahl could in a quiet environment to concentrate on the study of the pyramids, his old friend, the shipowner Fred Olsen just bought the entire valley, where the ancient buildings. Especially because the alien problems of archeology and anthropology of the municipality intended to pave the highway here.
They knew that the heaps of rubble – not what is not mysterious pyramid and mediocre agronomic terraces erected by their ancestors in order to prevent the erosion of topsoil in a mountain landscape.
Such buildings exist in many areas of the island, but were partially or completely destroyed. In fact, traces of similar structures in Tenerife abound. In the Guimar pyramids survived six of the nine: the rest was dismantled for building materials.
However, not all so simple. Firstly, and Heyerdahl noticed it at once, as opposed to the agricultural terraces built from found nearby and treated rounded stones pyramid built of lava blocks.
Second, the layout of the pyramids is made very accurately, perhaps with the help of ropes and rocks gently with the flat side facing outward. This squeamishness in the construction of terraces, a never seen, and the sense in extra work was not: tomatoes from it will not grow larger.
Third, the cornerstone of the pyramids have given a rectangular shape, which is again in the case of terraces – unnecessary effort. But for religious, ceremonial buildings, why not try?
Fourth, already mentioned above astronomical orientation. The upper area of the pyramid covered with gravel. Stairs are always located on the west side of the pyramid: climbing the steps of a man turned to face the sun.
Looking at the pyramid, Thor Heyerdahl saw priests, solemnly rising toward revered luminary. Perhaps he saw what he wanted to see. Oh very nice it fit into his theory of intercontinental communication in the pre-Columbian era. But there is another circumstance: if the pyramid only agronomic terraces, then built them where they do not have any good: on a plain with a slight slope terrain. And again the question arises – why?
If there is a desire, then try to answer it, you’ll be able to wander through the paths among the facilities, and the appointment of the authorship of which is still under question. There are usually very few visitors, so the atmosphere is.
Heyerdahl was unable to find out the age of the pyramids, or to answer the question of who they were built. However, the firm is known that in a cave under one of the pyramids, lived Guanches – the Aborigines Canar. Güímar until the Spanish conquest of the Canary Islands at the end of the XV century was the residence of one of the 10 menseyev (kings) of Tenerife. It is noteworthy that according to Pliny the Elder, the Canary Islands were uninhabited at the time of Hanno the Navigator (about 600 BC. E.), But nevertheless they were the ruins of large buildings.
In 1998, with financial support from Thor Heyerdahl and his friend – a Norwegian shipowner Fred Olsen, opened the Ethnological Park Pyramids of Güímar area of 65,000 km².
On the territory of the ethnographic park opened for tourists in 1998, there is a small museum with a cinema, where several times a day twist documentary about the connection of ancient civilizations.
And in a separate pavilion put on display the layout of the papyrus boat Ra-II in full size: it Thor Heyerdahl in 1970, successfully crossed the Atlantic in 57 days, breaking the 6100 km and the opportunity to prove to skeptics such trips during the time of Ancient Egypt.
On the bus to the park can be reached only with a change, which is very inconvenient.
By car – first on the TF-1 motorway to the turn to Guimar (Guimar), then a few km on the TF-61 on the opposite side from the coast to the town, where the park looking at the signs.
Every day, from 9:30 to 18:00
Price: € 11 adults; 5,50 € for children